Minhbach's Weblog

July 13, 2010

Nigerian Scam on Amazon

Filed under: Scam — Tags: — minhbach @ 8:50 pm

Recently I did sell my tablet on Amazon. First, I listed my tablet on Amazon for sale. Secondly, the buyer on Amazon contacted me through Amazon asking for more information. I replied the message and received (fake) mail from Amazon told me to ship the tablet. When I contacted Amazon for the fee of my tablet. They told me that it was a scam. I would say I has been trapped to this scam partially due to support from Amazon. I would never believe or never doing business with Nigerian. However it was from a customer/buyer of Amazon but they did nothing about it. I really disappointed about how Amazon doing business.

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February 22, 2017

Hướng dẫn quý ông văn phòng cách giảm béo bụng do ngồi nhiều – VnExpress Sức Khỏe

Filed under: Uncategorized — minhbach @ 7:25 am

http://suckhoe.vnexpress.net/tin-tuc/khoe-dep/dan-ong/huong-dan-quy-ong-van-phong-cach-giam-beo-bung-do-ngoi-nhieu-3544603.html

September 12, 2016

Chiêu giảm béo bụng cho quý ông của một bác sĩ Nhật – VnExpress Sức Khỏe

Filed under: Uncategorized — minhbach @ 10:30 pm

http://suckhoe.vnexpress.net/tin-tuc/khoe-dep/tham-my/chieu-giam-beo-bung-cho-quy-ong-cua-mot-bac-si-nhat-3466685.html?utm_source=home&utm_medium=box_suckhoe_home&utm_campaign=boxtracking

July 27, 2016

webscraping with Selenium – part 1 · Thiago Marzagão

Filed under: Uncategorized — minhbach @ 11:10 pm

http://thiagomarzagao.com/2013/11/12/webscraping-with-selenium-part-1/

Web-scraping JavaScript page with Python – Stack Overflow

Filed under: Uncategorized — minhbach @ 11:10 pm

http://stackoverflow.com/questions/8049520/web-scraping-javascript-page-with-python

Web Scraping Ajax and Javascript Sites | Data Big Bang Blog

Filed under: Uncategorized — minhbach @ 11:40 am

http://blog.databigbang.com/web-scraping-ajax-and-javascript-sites/

webscraping with Selenium – part 1 · Thiago Marzagão

Filed under: Uncategorized — minhbach @ 7:02 am

http://thiagomarzagao.com/2013/11/12/webscraping-with-selenium-part-1/

Web-scraping JavaScript page with Python – Stack Overflow

Filed under: Uncategorized — minhbach @ 6:47 am

http://stackoverflow.com/questions/8049520/web-scraping-javascript-page-with-python

Web Scraping Ajax and Javascript Sites | Data Big Bang Blog

Filed under: Uncategorized — minhbach @ 6:45 am

http://blog.databigbang.com/web-scraping-ajax-and-javascript-sites/

Web scraping with Python (Part 2) | PACKT Books

Filed under: Uncategorized — minhbach @ 6:02 am

https://www.packtpub.com/books/content/web-scraping-python-part-2

July 21, 2016

Man versus machine: computer-driven hedge funds win on Brexit night | Reuters

Filed under: Uncategorized — minhbach @ 11:08 pm

http://mobile.reuters.com/article/idUSKCN0ZV27V

July 6, 2016

Introduction to GUI Programming

Filed under: Uncategorized — minhbach @ 6:50 am

http://www.alan-g.me.uk/l2p/tutgui.htm

June 12, 2016

Tôi đã tăng gấp 3 thu nhập như thế nào – VnExpress Kinh Doanh

Filed under: Uncategorized — minhbach @ 8:45 am

http://kinhdoanh.vnexpress.net/tin-tuc/quoc-te/toi-da-tang-gap-3-thu-nhap-nhu-the-nao-3417234.html?utm_source=home&utm_medium=box_kinhdoanh_home&utm_campaign=boxtracking

June 10, 2016

BBC News: Bond yields in UK and Germany fall to record low

Filed under: Uncategorized — minhbach @ 1:25 pm

Bond yields in UK and Germany fall to record low – http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/business-36488329

May 17, 2016

Ngồi điều hòa, ăn cơm hộp dễ đột tử – VietNamNet

Filed under: Uncategorized — minhbach @ 9:18 pm

http://m.vietnamnet.vn/vn/suc-khoe/benh-van-phong/305082/ngoi-dieu-hoa-an-com-hop-de-dot-tu.html

April 21, 2016

Giảm cân nhờ phương pháp hít thở sâu như người Nhật – VnExpress Sức Khỏe

Filed under: Uncategorized — minhbach @ 6:09 pm

http://suckhoe.vnexpress.net/tin-tuc/khoe-dep/giam-can/giam-can-nho-phuong-phap-hit-tho-sau-nhu-nguoi-nhat-3389159.html

suckhoe.vnexpress.net
Giảm cân nhờ phương pháp hít thở sâu như người Nhật – VnExpress Sức Khỏe
VnExpress

Theo Medical Daily, với cựu diễn viên Nhật Bản Miki Ryosuke, giảm cân dễ dàng như việc hít thở. Người Nhật ưa thích những cách giảm cân nhẹ nhàng thay vì hùng hục đổ mồ hôi trong phòng tập như phương Tây. Miki đã khởi xướng phương pháp hít thở sâu, áp dụng hiệu quả và được giới trẻ ưa chuộng. Ông đã giảm thành công 12 kg và 13 cm vòng eo sau 50 ngày. Bằng cách hít một hơi thật sâu, trút hết không khí từ phổi rồi thở mạnh bằng bụng, các cơ bắp ở bụng sẽ được hoạt động và săn chắc dần lên, làm tiêu hao mỡ thừa giúp vòng 2 săn chắc.
giam-can-nho-phuong-phap-hit-tho-sau-nhu-nguoi-nhat

Ryosuke Miki ở tuổi trung niên vóc dáng săn chắc, không tích mỡ bụng. Ảnh: M.D

Hít thở đúng tư thế để giảm mỡ bụng cần lưu ý:

– Hai tay giang ngang, để thoải mái, tự nhiên.

– Giữ lưng thẳng, người hơi ngả về sau cho lưng và chân tạo thành một đường thẳng.

– Một chân lùi về sau, một chân đưa ra trước, để chéo chân, trọng lực dồn vào chân sau.

– Nâng cao mông.

Thực hiện phương pháp bằng 2 động tác:

Động tác 1:

– Hít một hơi thật mạnh, đẩy toàn bộ không khí trong bụng và phổi lên mũi.

– Quá trình này thực hiện khoảng 3 giây.

Động tác 2:

– Thở mạnh, đẩy toàn bộ không khí ra ngoài, miệng mở to, có thể hét to để tăng thêm lực đẩy. Đồng thời, cơ bụng đẩy mạnh về phía trước.

– Quá trình này thực hiện khoảng 7 giây.

Theo Ryosuke Miki, chăm chỉ mỗi ngày tập 3-5 lần, mỗi lần 6 lượt hít vào – thở ra giúp đánh tan mỡ thừa, xua tan nỗi ám ảnh về vòng 2 quá khổ.

Hướng dẫn phương pháp hít thở giảm cân:

March 7, 2016

Warren Buffett and Market Volitility

Filed under: Uncategorized — minhbach @ 1:28 pm

http://finance.yahoo.com/news/warren-buffett-market-volitility-131012929.html
Buffett quotes on volitility

January 31, 2016

7 “tội đồ” có thể đang cản bước bạn thành công – VietNamNet

Filed under: Uncategorized — minhbach @ 10:30 am

http://m.vietnamnet.vn/vn/cong-nghe-thong-tin-vien-thong/the-gioi-so/287033/7-toi-do-co-the-dang-can-buoc-ban-thanh-cong.html

January 23, 2016

Global growth risks likely to keep rates at record low well into 2016, BoE 

Filed under: Uncategorized — minhbach @ 7:20 am

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/bank-of-england/11976648/Global-growth-risks-likely-to-keep-rates-at-record-low-throughout-2016-says-BoE.html

September 19, 2015

6 chỉ số người trên 40 tuổi cần biết

Filed under: suckhoe — Tags: — minhbach @ 9:42 pm

6 chỉ số người trên 40 tuổi cần biết
link

vnexpress.net

Ngược lại với LDL, lượng cholesterol có ích nên được giữ ở mức cao vừa phải. Chỉ số HDL lý tưởng là 60 và sẽ bị cho là quá thấp nếu không đạt 40 ở nam giới và 50 ở phụ nữ.

Đường huyết

Đường huyết đo lượng glucose có trong máu. Đây chính là nguồn năng lượng chính của cơ thể. Chỉ số đường huyết thường dao động và tăng lên sau khi ăn uống. Lượng glucose quá cao trong một thời gian dài sẽ gây hại đến mạch máu, thận, mắt và hệ thần kinh.

Một người khỏe mạnh sẽ có glucose dưới 100mg/dl và không thấp hơn 40 md/dl. Để chắc chắn hơn về lượng đường trong máu cũng như nguy cơ tiểu đường, bạn có thể xét nghiệm HbA1C. Chỉ số này là an toàn nếu không vượt quá 7%.

Protein phản ứng C

Protein phản ứng C (CRP) đánh giá mức độ viêm nhiễm trong mạch máu. Người sau 40 tuổi rất nên chú ý vì CRP cao có thể dẫn đến tiểu đường, huyết áp cao và bệnh tim mạch. Kiểm tra máu sẽ giúp bạn xác định được chỉ số này trong cơ thể. Lượng CRP lý tưởng là dưới 1.0mg/dl, trên 3.0mg/dl là nguy hiểm.

Vòng eo

Ngoài cân nặng và chỉ số BMI, vòng 2 cũng báo hiệu tình trạng sức khỏe. Theo cách chuyên gia, tốt nhất là kích thước eo không vượt quá 50% chiều cao. Như vậy, nữ giới cao 1,6 m nên giữ eo dưới 80 cm, còn phái mạnh cao 1,7 m không nên để quá 85 cm. Vòng 2 quá khổ có thể sẽ dẫn đến các bệnh tim mạch, tiểu đường và huyết áp cao.

Minh Nguyên

Dấu hiệu cảnh báo tăng huyết áp

Filed under: suckhoe — Tags: — minhbach @ 9:39 pm

Dấu hiệu cảnh báo tăng huyết áp
link

vnexpress.net

Cục Y tế dự phòng (Bộ Y tế) ước tính hiện nay Việt Nam có gần 13 triệu người tăng huyết áp, song chỉ hơn 50% số người mắc bệnh được phát hiện và 50% trong số đó được điều trị, giám sát.

Tăng huyết áp còn gọi là cao huyết áp, tức trạng thái máu lưu thông với áp lực tăng liên tục. Một người được xác định là tăng huyết áp khi huyết áp tâm thu từ 140 mmHg trở lên và/hoặc huyết áp tâm trương từ 90 mmHg trở lên. Đây là một căn bệnh không lây nhiễm phổ biến nhất trên thế giới, với những biến chứng nghiêm trọng như tai biến mạch máu não và các bệnh tim mạch khác.

Bệnh có thể dẫn đến tai biến mạch máu não, nhồi máu cơ tim, suy tim, suy thận, mù loà…Những biến chứng này ảnh hưởng nặng nề đến người bệnh, gây tàn phế hoặc tử vong.

Dấu hiệu cảnh báo tăng huyết áp

Tăng huyết áp không có dấu hiệu đặc trưng. Các triệu chứng rất phức tạp và nặng nhẹ khác nhau, biểu hiện tuỳ thuộc theo thể trạng của từng người.

Những dấu hiệu hay gặp của tăng huyết áp là:

– Choáng váng, nhức đầu.

– Mất ngủ, chóng mặt, ù tai, hoa mắt.

– Khó thở, đau tức ngực, hồi hộp.

– Đỏ mặt, buồn nôn.

Một người khi có các dấu hiệu kể trên cần nhanh chóng kiểm tra huyết áp tại nhà và đến các cơ sở y tế gần nhất để khám, xác định bệnh và điều trị kịp thời.

Tuy nhiên đa số người mắc bệnh tăng huyết áp không có triệu chứng gì và phần lớn thậm chí còn không biết mình bị bệnh. Các triệu chứng kể trên thường chỉ xuất hiện khi bệnh đã tiến triển nặng. Chính vì thế tăng huyết áp còn được gọi là ‘kẻ giết người thầm lặng”.

Chẩn đoán, dự phòng và điều trị bệnh

Kiểm tra huyết áp thường xuyên là biện pháp quan trọng nhất để phát hiện sớm bệnh. Mọi người dân cần thường xuyên kiểm tra huyết áp thông qua khám sức khỏe định kỳ hoặc qua các lần đi khám, kiểm tra sức khỏe tại các cơ sở y tế… Các máy đo huyết áp điện tử cá nhân là một công cụ hiệu quả giúp người đã mắc tăng huyết áp và người có nguy cơ mắc bệnh để thường xuyên kiểm tra tình trạng huyết áp của mình cùng các thành viên trong gia đình.

Bệnh tăng huyết áp có thể được phòng ngừa hiệu quả và duy trì ở mức lý tưởng 120/80 mmHg nhờ các biện pháp tích cực thay đổi lối sống lành mạnh:

– Chế độ ăn hợp lý: Giảm ăn mặn (dưới 5 g muối một ngày); tăng cường ăn rau xanh, hoa quả tươi; hạn chế thức ăn có nhiều cholesterol và axít béo no; đảm bảo đủ kali và các yếu tố vi lượng.

March 7, 2015

Những mẫu phụ nữ dễ thất bại trong hôn nhân

Filed under: Family — minhbach @ 7:18 am

Những mẫu phụ nữ dễ thất bại trong hôn nhân
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September 13, 2014

Another Scamer: European Portrait Studios

Filed under: Scam — minhbach @ 10:08 am

My wife has a appointment at
———————————————-
the European Portrait Studios,
Landline: 0203-371-7845
Mobile: 0798-339-4500
The fountain, 120 Malden Road, New Malden, KT3 6DS
Main:
European Portrait Studios Ltd
69 High Street, Hounslow TW3 1RB
London, UK
http://www.europeanportraitstudios.com
———————————————
for taking art photos for both of us. This morning we went there, it was a pub/bar (Fountain pub). There is not any sight of European Portrait Studios. These people advertised at Tesco when we went to shop at Tesco Extra new Malden. I could not believe that now scamer in UK at daytime at Tesco. We have paid 10 pounds deposit to a black woman, named Victoria (I do not know if it is a real name!). Yet, we got another scammer.

June 11, 2014

Vợ hay cằn nhằn, chồng dễ chết sớm

Filed under: Family — minhbach @ 9:19 pm

   Vợ hay cằn nhằn, chồng dễ chết sớm:source
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May 31, 2014

Kiện đòi hơn 600 triệu đồng ‘phục vụ’ chồng trong 26 năm

Filed under: Uncategorized — minhbach @ 10:24 pm

vnexpress.net
  

Kiện đòi hơn 600 triệu đồng ‘phục vụ’ chồng trong 26 năm
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August 6, 2013

Progesterone Unit Conversion

Filed under: Uncategorized — minhbach @ 9:41 pm

http://www.endmemo.com/medical/unitconvert/Progesterone.php

Progesterone ng/mL nmol/L Convertion Table

1 ng/mL =    3.18 nmol/L 1 nmol/L =    0.3145 ng/mL
2 ng/mL =    6.36 nmol/L 2 nmol/L =    0.6289 ng/mL
3 ng/mL =    9.54 nmol/L 3 nmol/L =    0.9434 ng/mL
4 ng/mL =    12.72 nmol/L 4 nmol/L =    1.2579 ng/mL
5 ng/mL =    15.9 nmol/L 5 nmol/L =    1.5723 ng/mL
6 ng/mL =    19.08 nmol/L 6 nmol/L =    1.8868 ng/mL
7 ng/mL =    22.26 nmol/L 7 nmol/L =    2.2013 ng/mL
8 ng/mL =    25.44 nmol/L 8 nmol/L =    2.5157 ng/mL
9 ng/mL =    28.62 nmol/L 9 nmol/L =    2.8302 ng/mL
10 ng/mL =    31.8 nmol/L 10 nmol/L =    3.1447 ng/mL
11 ng/mL =    34.98 nmol/L 11 nmol/L =    3.4591 ng/mL
12 ng/mL =    38.16 nmol/L 12 nmol/L =    3.7736 ng/mL
13 ng/mL =    41.34 nmol/L 13 nmol/L =    4.0881 ng/mL
14 ng/mL =    44.52 nmol/L 14 nmol/L =    4.4025 ng/mL
15 ng/mL =    47.7 nmol/L 15 nmol/L =    4.717 ng/mL
16 ng/mL =    50.88 nmol/L 16 nmol/L =    5.0314 ng/mL
17 ng/mL =    54.06 nmol/L 17 nmol/L =    5.3459 ng/mL
18 ng/mL =    57.24 nmol/L 18 nmol/L =    5.6604 ng/mL
19 ng/mL =    60.42 nmol/L 19 nmol/L =    5.9748 ng/mL
20 ng/mL =    63.6 nmol/L 20 nmol/L =    6.2893 ng/mL
21 ng/mL =    66.78 nmol/L 21 nmol/L =    6.6038 ng/mL
22 ng/mL =    69.96 nmol/L 22 nmol/L =    6.9182 ng/mL
23 ng/mL =    73.14 nmol/L 23 nmol/L =    7.2327 ng/mL
24 ng/mL =    76.32 nmol/L 24 nmol/L =    7.5472 ng/mL
25 ng/mL =    79.5 nmol/L 25 nmol/L =    7.8616 ng/mL
26 ng/mL =    82.68 nmol/L 26 nmol/L =    8.1761 ng/mL
27 ng/mL =    85.86 nmol/L 27 nmol/L =    8.4906 ng/mL
28 ng/mL =    89.04 nmol/L 28 nmol/L =    8.805 ng/mL
29 ng/mL =    92.22 nmol/L 29 nmol/L =    9.1195 ng/mL
30 ng/mL =    95.4 nmol/L 30 nmol/L =    9.434 ng/mL

 

Early Fetal Development

Filed under: Uncategorized — minhbach @ 9:13 pm

The development of a baby is quite an intricate journey. From the moment that the egg and sperm meet, a baby is beginning the developmental process. This early part of development lays the foundation for a healthy pregnancy and the birth of a healthy baby. Unfortunately, because these early weeks involve such a complex process, things can go wrong and ultimately end in a pregnancy loss. If a possible complication in early pregnancy is suspected, your health care provider will use a combination of blood tests and ultrasound tests to make a clear diagnosis. A blood test can be used to monitor hCG levels and progesterone levels. Ultrasounds can be used to visually see what development is taking place in the uterus and to measure the progress.

It is common to have many questions about what this early development truly involves and what is to be expected. We have gathered information from different sources in order to provide the best guidelines of what normal early fetal development looks like. However, just as every woman is different, every pregnancy develops differently. This information should be used as a general guide for healthy pregnancy development, although development may vary due to the mother’s health or a miscalculation of ovulation. Gestational age is the age of the pregnancy from the last normal menstrual period (LMP), and fetal age is the actual age of the growing baby. Most references to pregnancy are usually in gestational age rather than fetal age development, but we have included both so that it is clear what stage development is at.

Week 1 & 2 Gestational Age – (Conception)

At this stage, the menstrual period has just ended and your body is getting ready for ovulation. For most women, ovulation takes place about 11 – 21 days from the first day of the last menstrual period. During intercourse, several hundred million sperm are released in the vagina. Sperm will travel through the cervix and into the fallopian tubes. When conception takes place, the sperm will penetrate an egg and create a single set of 46 chromosomes called a zygote – the basis for a new human being. The fertilized egg, called a morula, spends a couple of days traveling through the fallopian tube toward the uterus and dividing into cells (this dividing process is where many chromosomal abnormalities occur). The morula becomes a blastocyst and will eventually end up in the uterus. Anywhere from day 6 – 12 after conception, the blastocyst will imbed into the uterine lining and begin the embryonic stage.

Weeks 3-4 – Gestational Age (Fetal Age 2 weeks)

Development The earliest change that can be seen through a vaginal ultrasound at this time will be the “decidual reaction” which is the thickening of the endometrium. The endometrium lining thickens as the blastocyst burrows into it. This cannot always be detected by ultrasound—sometimes it may take a special eye or very good equipment to see this “reaction” in the endometrium lining.

*A key fact to remember when using ultrasounds is that a transvaginal ultrasound can detect development in the uterus about a week earlier than a transabdominal ultrasound.

Hormones hCG: Once implantation occurs, the pregnancy hormone Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG) will develop and begin to rise. This hormone will signal that you are pregnant on a pregnancy test. hCG can be detected through two different types of blood tests or through a urine test. A quantitative blood test measures the exact amount of hCG in the blood, and a qualitative hCG blood test gives a simple yes or no answer to whether you are pregnant or not.

Doctors will often use the quantitative test if they are closely monitoring the development of a pregnancy. After implantation occurs, the hormone will begin to rise and should increase every 48-72 hours for the next several weeks.

Progesterone: The follicle from which the egg was released is called the corpus luteum. It will release progesterone that helps thicken and prepare the uterine lining for implantation. The corpus luteum will produce progesterone for about 12-16 days (the luteal phase of your cycle.) When the egg is fertilized, the corpus luteum will continue to produce progesterone for the developing pregnancy until the placenta takes over around week 10. Progesterone is the hormone that helps maintain the pregnancy until birth. Sometimes, the failure of the corpus luteum to adequately support the pregnancy with progesterone can result in an early pregnancy loss. Progesterone inhibits immune responses, decreases prostaglandins, and prevents the onset of uterine contractions.

Week 5 – Gestational Age (Fetal age 3 weeks)

Development The gestational sac is often the first thing that most transvaginal ultrasounds can detect at about 5 weeks. This is seen before a recognizable embryo can be seen. Within this week, at about week 5 ½ to the beginning of the 6th week, a yolk sac can be seen inside the gestational sac. The yolk sac will be the earliest source of nutrients for the developing fetus.

Hormones

Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) levels can have quite a bit of variance at this point. Anything from 18 – 7,340 mIU/ml is considered normal at 5 weeks. Once the levels have reached at least 2000, some type of development is expected to be seen in the uterus using high resolution vaginal ultrasound. If using a transabdominal ultrasound, some type of development should be seen when the hCG level has reached 3600 mIU/ml. Although development may be seen earlier, these levels provide a guide of when something is expected to be seen.

Progesterone levels also can have quite a variance at this stage of pregnancy. They can range from 9-47ng/ml in the first trimester, with an average of 12-20ng/ml in the first 5-6 weeks of pregnancy.

With both hCG levels and progesterone levels, it is not the single value that can predict a healthy pregnancy outcome. It is more important to evaluate two different values to see if the numbers are increasing. Levels of hCG should be increasing by at least 60 % every 2-3 days, but ideally doubling every 48-72 hours. Progesterone levels rise much differently than hCG levels, with an average of 1-3ng/ml every couple days until they reach their peak for that trimester. In situations when there is a concern of an ectopic pregnancy or miscarriage, hCG levels will often start out normal, but will not show a significant increase or will stop rising all together, and progesterone levels will be low from the beginning.

Week 6 – Gestational Age (Fetal age 4 weeks)

5 ½ to 6 ½ weeks is usually a very good time to detect either a fetal pole or even a fetal heart beat by vaginal ultrasound. The fetal pole is the first visible sign of a developing embryo. This pole structure actually has some curve to it with the embryo’s head at one end and what looks like a tail at the other end. The fetal pole now allows for crown to rump measurements (CRL) to be taken, so that pregnancy dating can be a bit more accurate. The fetal pole may be seen at a crown-rump length (CRL) of 2-4mm, and the heartbeat may be seen as a regular flutter when the CRL has reached 5mm.

If a vaginal ultrasound is done and no fetal pole or cardiac activity is seen, another ultrasound scan should be done in 3-7 days. Due to the fact that pregnancy dating can be wrong, it would be much too early at this point to make a clear diagnosis on the outcome of the pregnancy.

Week 7 – Gestational Age (Fetal Age 5 weeks)

Generally from 6 ½ -7 weeks is the time when a heartbeat can be detected and viability can be assessed. A normal heartbeat at 6-7 weeks would be 90-110 beats per minute. The presence of an embryonic heartbeat is an assuring sign of the health of the pregnancy. Once a heartbeat is detected, the chance of the pregnancy continuing ranges from 70-90% dependent on what type of ultrasound is used. If the embryo is less than 5mm CRL, it is possible for it to be healthy without showing a heartbeat, though a follow up scan in 5-7 days should show cardiac activity.

If your doctor is concerned about miscarriage, blighted ovum, or ectopic pregnancy, the gestational sac and fetal pole (if visible) will be measured to determine what type of development should be seen. The guideline is that if the gestational sac measures >16-18mm with no fetal pole or the fetal pole measures 5mm with no heartbeat (by vaginal ultrasound), then a diagnosis of miscarriage or blighted ovum is made. If the fetal pole is too small to take an accurate measurement, then a repeat scan should be done in 3-5 days. If there is absence of a fetal pole, then further testing should be done to rule out the possibility of an ectopic pregnancy.

Week 8 & 9 – Gestational Age (Fetal Age 6-7 weeks)

By this point in the pregnancy, everything that is present in an adult human is present in the developing embryo. The embryo has reached the end of the embryonic stage and now enters the fetal stage. A strong fetal heartbeat should be detectable by ultrasound, with a heartbeat of 140-170 bpm by the 9th week. If a strong heartbeat is not detected at this point, another ultrasound scan may be done to verify the viability of the fetus. If a pregnancy has been diagnosed as non-viable, most physicians will give the choice of waiting to see if the body will miscarry naturally (pending no other health issues) or to have a Dilation & Curettage (D&C) procedure. About 50% of women do not undergo a D&C procedure when an early pregnancy loss has occurred.

Hormones

The hCG levels will peak at about 8-12 weeks of pregnancy and then will decline, remaining at lower levels throughout the remainder of the pregnancy. If the levels are questionable, an ultrasound scan should be used to diagnose the pregnancy outcome. Ultrasound findings are much more accurate at diagnosing pregnancy viability after 5-6 weeks gestation than hCG levels are.

Guideline to hCG levels during pregnancy:

hCG levels in weeks from LMP (gestational age)* :

  • 3 weeks LMP: 5 – 50 mIU/ml
  • 4 weeks LMP: 5 – 426 mIU/ml
  • 5 weeks LMP: 18 – 7,340 mIU/ml
  • 6 weeks LMP: 1,080 – 56,500 mIU/ml
  • 7 – 8 weeks LMP: 7,650 – 229,000 mIU/ml
  • 9 – 12 weeks LMP: 25,700 – 288,000 mIU/ml
  • 13 – 16 weeks LMP: 13,300 – 254,000 mIU/ml
  • 17 – 24 weeks LMP: 4,060 – 165,400 mIU/ml
  • 25 – 40 weeks LMP: 3,640 – 117,000 mIU/ml
  • Non-pregnant females:
  • Postmenopausal:

Guideline to Progesterone levels during pregnancy:

• 1-28 ng/ml Mid Luteal Phase (Average is over 10 for un-medicated cycles and over 15 with medication use)

• 9-47 ng/ml First trimester

• 17-146 ng/ml Second Trimester

• 49-300 ng/ml Third Trimester

*There are many averages for progesterone levels. These charts are a very broad guideline—speak with your health care professional for more specific guidelines for you.

**Remember – These numbers are just a GUIDELINE — every woman’s hormone level can rise differently. It is not necessarily the level that matters but rather the change in the level.

 

Source: http://americanpregnancy.org/pregnancycomplications/earlyfetaldevelopment.htm

Progesterone Levels During Pregnancy – 2

Filed under: Uncategorized — minhbach @ 9:10 pm

Introduction
Progesterone is first produced by the corpus luteum of the ovary and production from this site is necessary for the first 8 weeks of pregnancy. From implantation of the embryo onwards for 40 weeks the placenta takes over the production of progesterone (see graph). The levels of progesterone increase dramatically all throughout pregnancy. Progesterone production is necessary for the safe maintenance of pregnancy and all pregnancies will fail if progesterone production is too low.

Many women with infertility, implantation failures and/or miscarriages produce low levels of progesterone as seen in the bottom line of the graph. These women require progesterone supplementation to bring them into the safe levels (see thick line, which indicates mean values, on graph and limits of two standard deviations of the mean). Based on our experience in treating autoimmune women, this supplementation must continue until the 16th week is completed.

Progesterone-like steroid medication has a variety of effects on the immune system. This type of medication

  1. Blocks inflammation that can lead to scarring and damage to the placenta
  2. Blocks the T cells and the B cells (lymphocytes) that can cause rejection of the placenta
  3. Blocks the natural killer cells from releasing factors such as tumor necrosis factor (TNF) that can damage the placenta and the lining of the uterus
  4. Prevents lymphocytes from wandering into the placenta, sticking there and doing damage
  5. Causes an increase in HCG production by the placenta, and HCG and progesterone block the killing power of NK cells
  6. Prevents prostaglandin production by the uterus and stops contractions from occurring
  7. Causes the cervix to produce a cervical plug that is rich in antibodies, which prevent germs and viruses from gaining access to the baby and the placenta

When progesterone supplementation is given to a mother, its half life in the blood is very short. In four minutes it begins to be excreted rapidly into the urine. The most efficient route to take the progesterone to insure the best blood levels and the longest survival of the progesterone in the blood is to use vaginal suppositories. The next best route of administration is to take injections of progesterone. The least effective is to take the progesterone by mouth.

 Source: https://www.repro-med.net/repro-med-site2/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=25&Itemid=12

Progesterone Levels During Pregnancy

Filed under: Uncategorized — minhbach @ 9:08 pm

Many women asks what causes miscarraige theres a few answers but this is one of the most important.

The progesterone levels during pregnancy is also crucial for the survival of the fetus, it keeps the uterus from contracting and promotes the growth of blood vessels that give nourishment to your baby during pregnancy.

Natural progesterone aids in conception (fertility clinics use sometimes natural progesterone for treating infertility), and the progesterone levels during pregnancy help maintain a healthy pregnancy.

Frequently, doctors will treat infertility problems with strong drugs or surgery… and they will not check progesterone levels in the body first.

The progesterone levels in early pregnancy ordinarily DOUBLES or TRIPLES during the first several weeks of pregnancy. And, of course, progesterone should be produced EVERY DAY during pregnancy (in the regular menstrual period, progesterone is produced at ovulation and for about 14 more days).

To protect the fetus, the progesterone levels during pregnancy then rise to as much as 10 to 15 TIMES normal amounts by the THIRD TRIMESTER. In other words, the progesterone levels during pregnancy can be as much as 300mg to 400mg per day.

For women trying to become pregnant, an adequate amount of natural progesterone is crucial, because this hormone prepares the uterine wall for the implantation of the fertilized egg.

Without the correct levels of progesterone, low levels of progesterone and early pregnancy can result in the loss of the embryo. Progesterone is a dominant hormone during pregnancy.

The progesterone levels in early pregnancy have a major role in maintaining a pregnancy during the early months. Progesterone is made by the placenta during pregnancy and it is essential for the development of the fetus and prevention of uterine contractions which could cause premature labor.

Discuss your progesterone levels during pregnancy with your doctor and if low, how to raise progesterone levels naturally.

Guideline to hCG levels during pregnancy:

hCG levels in weeks from LMP (gestational age)* :

· 3 weeks LMP: 5 – 50 mIU/ml

· 4 weeks LMP: 5 – 426 mIU/ml

· 5 weeks LMP: 18 – 7,340 mIU/ml

· 6 weeks LMP: 1,080 – 56,500 mIU/ml

· 7 – 8 weeks LMP: 7,650 – 229,000 mIU/ml

· 9 – 12 weeks LMP: 25,700 – 288,000 mIU/ml

· 13 – 16 weeks LMP: 13,300 – 254,000 mIU/ml

· 17 – 24 weeks LMP: 4,060 – 165,400 mIU/ml

· 25 – 40 weeks LMP: 3,640 – 117,000 mIU/ml

· Non-pregnant females:

· Postmenopausal:

Guideline to Progesterone levels during pregnancy:

• 1-28 ng/ml Mid Luteal Phase (Average is over 10 for un-medicated cycles and over 15 with medication use)
• 9-47 ng/ml First trimester
• 17-146 ng/ml Second Trimester
• 49-300 ng/ml Third Trimester

*There are many averages for progesterone levels. These charts are a very broad guideline—speak with your health care professional for more specific guidelines for you.

**Remember – These numbers are just a GUIDELINE — every woman’s hormone level can rise differently. It is not necessarily the level that matters but rather the change in the level.

Ladies especially those with PCOS asks that your levels be checked.
Source: http://community.babycenter.com/post/a16856725/todays_topic_progesterone_levels_and_its_part_in_pregnancy

July 11, 2013

Chữa rối loạn kinh nguyệt bằng Đông y

Filed under: Herbs, pregnancy — minhbach @ 10:18 am

source
Chữa rối loạn kinh nguyệt bằng Đông y

Theo Đông y, nguyên nhân chủ yếu gây ra tình trạng này ở tuổi thanh xuân là chức năng tiêu hóa bị trục trặc, cản trở sự hấp thu dinh dưỡng, khiến cơ thể phát dục không đầy đủ, chức năng sinh sản chậm hoàn thiện. Các chấn động về tinh thần, tình cảm cũng dẫn đến rối loạn kinh nguyệt. (more…)

June 5, 2013

Install multiple version of gcc

Filed under: IT — minhbach @ 6:44 am

Down load gcc source
Remove config.cache
export CC=”gcc-4.5″ ./configure
export CC=”gcc-4.5″ make
make bootstrap  instead of  make
Run config with
Configure export  CC=/path/to/desired/compiler

 

Matlab: http://www.lukedodd.com/compiling-gcc-4-3-4-under-ubuntu-11-10-for-matlab/

Now you just need to point Matlab to this version of gcc.

Run “mex -setup” from matlab to ensure you have a mexopts.sh file – it should tell you where it is. Edit the mexopts.sh (mine was in $HOME/.matlab/R2011b/mexopts.sh):

  • Replace all instances of CC=”gcc” with CC=”/opt/gcc-4.3.4/bin/gcc”.
  • Replace all instances of CXX=”g++” with CC=”/opt/gcc-4.3.4/bin/g++” (and the same for gfortran if you use it).
  • Add a line with “export LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu” at the top (this stops more “/usr/bin/ld: cannot find crti.o” errors from happening when you use mex).

Now you should be able to compile and run Matlab mex files.

 

./configure –prefix=/usr/local/ –enable-languages=c,c++

LFS uses quite a few more options and they are explaining exactly why they are being used and not using them can lead to all sorts of problems later on or even during build…
Their recommended options are these:
–enable-clocale=gnu –enable-shared
–enable-threads=posix –enable-__cxa_atexit
–enable-languages=c,c++ –disable-libstdcxx-pch

http://www.lukedodd.com/compiling-gcc-4-3-4-under-ubuntu-11-10-for-matlab/

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